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aristotle [2018/04/21 03:26] (current)
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 +====== Aristotle - Corpus Aristotelicum ======
 +{{ :​aristotle_altemps_inv8575.jpg?​200|Marble bust of Aristotle. Roman copy after a Greek bronze original by Lysippus c. 330 BC. The alabaster mantle is modern.}}
 +Aristotle (Ancient Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης [aristotélɛːs],​ Aristotélēs) (384 BC - 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics,​ poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics,​ politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato'​s teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle'​s writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing ethics, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics.
 +Aristotle'​s other notable students included Aristoxenus,​ Dicaearchus,​ Demetrius of Phalerum, Eudemos of Rhodes, Harpalus, Hephaestion,​ Meno, Mnason of Phocis, Nicomachus, and Theophrastus.
 +The birth place of the rule of the people, the democracy and the republic versus aristocracy of which etomized is the name Aristotle has become important with the success of the American republic.
 +===== Bekker Numbers =====
 +Bekker numbers, the standard form of reference to works in the Corpus Aristotelicum,​ are based on the page numbers used in the Prussian Academy of Sciences edition of the complete works of Aristotle (Aristotelis Opera edidit Academia Regia Borussica, Berlin, 1831–1870). They take their name from the editor of that edition, the classical philologist August Immanuel Bekker (1785–1871).
 +The following list is complete. The titles are given in accordance with the standard set by the Revised Oxford Translation. Latin titles, still often used by scholars, are also given. Disputed works are marked by asterisk, and double asterisk marks a work generally agreed to be spurious.
 +===== Logic (Organon) =====
 +  * (1a) [[categories_by_aristotle|Categories]] (or Categoriae)
 +  * (16a) [[aristotle_on_interpretation|De Interpretatione]] ("On Interpretation"​)
 +  * (24a) [[prior_analytics|Prior Analytics]] (or Analytica Priora)
 +  * (71a) [[posterior_analytics|Posterior Analytics]] (or Analytica Posteriora)
 +  * (100a) [[topic_by_aristotle|Topics]] (or Topica)
 +  * (164a) [[sophistical_refutations_by_aristotle|Sophistical Refutations]] (or De Sophisticis Elenchis)
 +===== Physics (the study of nature) =====
 +  * (184a) [[physics_by_aristotle|Physics]] (or Physica)
 +  * (268a) [[on_the_heavens_by_aristotle|On the Heavens]] (or De Caelo)
 +  * (314a) [[on_generation_and_corruption_by_aristotle|On Generation and Corruption]] (or De Generatione et Corruptione)
 +  * (338a) [[meteorology_by_aristotle|Meteorology]] (or Meteorologica)
 +  * (391a) [[on_the_universe_by_aristotle|On the Universe]]ªª (or De Mundo)
 +  * (402a) [[on_the_soul_by_aristotle|On the Soul]] (or De Anima)
 +===== The Parva Naturalia ("​Little Physical Treatises"​):​ =====
 +  * (436a) [[sense_and_sensibilia_by_aristotle|Sense and Sensibilia]] (or De Sensu et Sensibilibus)
 +  * (449b) [[on_memory_by_aristotle|On Memory]] (or De Memoria et Reminiscentia)
 +  * (453b) [[on_sleep_by_aristotle|On Sleep]] (or De Somno et Vigilia)
 +  * (458a) [[on_dreams_by_aristotle|On Dreams]] (or De Insomniis)
 +  * (462b) [[on_divination_in_sleep_by_aristotle|On Divination in Sleep]] (or De Divinatione per Somnum)
 +  * (464b) [[on_length_and_shortness_of_life_by_aristotle|On Length and Shortness of Life]] (or De Longitudine et Brevitate Vitae)
 +  * (467b) [[on_youth_old_age_life_and_death_by_aristotle|On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration]] (or De Juventute et Senectute, De Vita et Morte, De Respiratione)
 +  * (481a) [[on_breath_by_aristotle|On Breath]]ªª (or De Spiritu)
 +  * (486a) [[history_of_animals_by_aristotle|History of Animals]] (or Historia Animalium)
 +  * (639a) [[parts_of_animals_by_aristotle|Parts of Animals]] (or De Partibus Animalium)
 +  * (698a) [[movement_of_animals_by_aristotle|Movement of Animals]] (or De Motu Animalium)
 +  * (704a) [[progression_of_animals_by_aristotle|Progression of Animals]] (or De Incessu Animalium)
 +  * (715a) [[generation_of_animals_by_aristotle|Generation of Animals]] (or De Generatione Animalium)
 +===== Minor works: =====
 +  * (791a) [[on_colors_by_aristotle|On Colors]]ªª (or De Coloribus)
 +  * (800a) [[on_things_heard_by_aristotle|On Things Heard]]ªª (or De audibilibus)
 +  * (805a) [[physiognomonics_by_aristotle|Physiognomonics]]ªª (or Physiognomonica)
 +  * (815a) [[on_plants_by_aristotle|On Plants]]ªª (or De Plantis)
 +  * (830a) [[on_marvellous_things_heard_by_aristotle|On Marvellous Things Heard]]ªª (or De mirabilibus auscultationibus)
 +  * (847a) [[mechanics_by_aristotle|Mechanics]]ªª (or Mechanica)
 +  * (859a) [[problems_by_aristotle|Problems]]ª (or Problemata)
 +===== Minor works: =====
 +  * (968a) [[On Indivisible Lines_by_aristotle|On Indivisible Lines]]ªª (or De Lineis Insecabilibus)
 +  * (973a) [[The Situations and Names of Winds_by_aristotle|The Situations and Names of Winds]]ªª (or Ventorum Situs)
 +  * (974a) [[On Melissus_Xenophanes_and_Gorgias_by_aristotle|On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias]]ªª
 +===== Metaphysics =====
 +  * (980a) [[metaphysics_by_aristotle|Metaphysics]] (or Metaphysica)
 +===== Ethics and politics =====
 +  * (1094a) [[nicomachean_ethics_by_aristotle|Nicomachean Ethics]] (or Ethica Nicomachea)
 +  * (1181a) [[magna_moralia_by_aristotle|Magna Moralia]]ª ("​Great Ethics"​)
 +  * (1214a) [[eudemian_ethics_by_aristotle|Eudemian Ethics]] (or Ethica Eudemia)
 +  * (1249a) [[0n_virtues_and_vices_by_aristotle|On Virtues and Vices]]ªª (or De Virtutibus et Vitiis Libellus)
 +  * (1252a) [[politics_by_aristotle|Politics]] (or Politica)
 +  * (1343a) [[economics_by_aristotle|Economics]]ª (or Oeconomica)
 +===== Rhetoric and poetics =====
 +  * (1354a) [[rhetoric_by_aristotle|Rhetoric]] (or Ars Rhetorica)
 +  * (1420a) [[rhetoric_to_alexander_by_aristotle|Rhetoric to Alexander]]ªª (or Rhetorica ad Alexandrum)
 +  * (1447a) [[poetics_by_aristotle|Poetics]] (or Ars Poetica)
 +===== Aristotelian works lacking Bekker numbers =====
 +  * The Constitution of the Athenians
 +The Constitution of the Athenians (or Athenaiōn Politeia) was not included in Bekker'​s edition, because it was first edited in 1891 from papyrus rolls acquired in 1890 by the British Museum. The standard reference to it is by section (and subsection) numbers.
 +===== Fragments =====
 +Surviving fragments of the many lost works of Aristotle were included in the fifth volume of Bekker'​s edition, edited by Valentin Rose. These are not cited by Bekker numbers, however, but according to fragment numbers. Rose's first edition of the fragments of Aristotle was Aristoteles Pseudepigraphus (1863). As the title suggests, Rose considered these all to be spurious. The numeration of the fragments in a revised edition by Rose, published in the Teubner series, Aristotelis qui ferebantur librorum fragmenta, Leipzig, 1886, is still commonly used (indicated by R3), although there is a more current edition with a different numeration by Olof Gigon (published in 1987 as a new vol. 3 in Walter de Gruyter'​s reprint of the Bekker edition), and a new de Gruyter edition by Eckart Schütrumpf is in preparation.
 +For a selection of the fragments in English translation,​ see W.D. Ross, Select Fragments (Oxford 1952), and Jonathan Barnes (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation,​ vol. 2, Princeton 1984, pp. 2384-2465.
 +The works surviving only in fragments include the dialogues On Philosophy (or On the Good), Eudemus (or On the Soul), Protrepticus,​ On Justice, and On Good Birth. The possibly spurious work, On Ideas survives in quotations by Alexander of Aphrodisias in his commentary on Aristotle'​s Metaphysics. For the dialogues, see also the editions of Richard Rudolf Walzer, Aristotelis Dialogorum fragmenta, in usum scholarum (Florence 1934), and Renato Laurenti, Aristotele: I frammenti dei dialoghi (2 vols.), Naples: Luigi Loffredo, 1987.
 +===== The Works Of Aristotle =====
 +  * [[the_athenian_constitution_by_aristotle|The Athenian Constitution by Aristotle Version 1]]
 +  * [[the_athenian_constitution_by_aristotle_2|The Athenian Constitution by Aristotle Version 2]]
aristotle.txt · Last modified: 2018/04/21 03:26 (external edit)