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atom_de-constructor_constructor [2018/04/21 03:27] (current)
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 +====== Atom De-constructor Constructor ======
  
 +===== 100% materials recyability using a modified mass spectrometer =====
 +
 +Aim: To take consumer waste and de-construct it into elements for re-use. Today garbage, waste, sewage, radioactive contaminates,​ industry hazardous gas/liquid ejections ore and gold are plentiful. The elements that everything is made are all 100% recyclable. The technologies in use today are land fill, barges, gas/liquid ejections and dumping sewage into the ocean and rivers. Mining companies use electrolysis to separate ore from the mined element on a large scale. Electrolysis is limited, not all junk can be processed with electrolysis. The oil industry method of creating a smoke stack with the purpose of layer separation is an analogy to this method but with elements rather than crude. The fanciful alchemist would not be able to fathom what its really going to take to manufacture gold rather than tungston or plating. Let's take a some common examples…
 +
 +**Example Of Metal Recycling.**
 +
 +  * take metals (iron, copper, aluminum which are elements) each metal has a different melting point
 +  * heat treat them at distinctive temperatures
 +  * sift the different metals
 +  * sell the elements
 +
 +**Example Of Electrolysis** (BTW: Mining companies use electrolysis to separate ore from the mined element)
 +
 +  * <​html><​a href="​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=electrolysis introduction"​ onClick="​window.open('​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=electrolysis introduction','​electrolysis introduction','​width=660,​height=500'​);​return false">​Electrolysis Introduction</​a></​html>​
 +  * <​html><​a href="​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=Gemesis on Discovery"​ onClick="​window.open('​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=Gemesis on Discovery','​Gemesis on Discovery Channel','​width=660,​height=500'​);​return false">​Gemesis - the most common element pure carbon otherwise known as diamonds</​a></​html>​
 +
 +  * take water into one container
 +  * separate the hydrogen and oxygen via electrolysis
 +  * store it in two containers one for hydrogen the other for oxygen
 +  * sell the elements as elements
 +
 +**An Example Of An E-Recycling Plant**
 +
 +  * <​html><​a href="​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=Electrolysis factory"​ onClick="​window.open('​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=Electrolysis factory','​Electrolysis factory','​width=660,​height=500'​);​return false">​Electrolysis factory</​a></​html>​
 +  * <​html><​a href="​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=E Scrap Recycling Electronic Waste" onClick="​window.open('​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=E Scrap Recycling Electronic Waste','​E-Scrap Recycling Electronic Waste','​width=660,​height=500'​);​return false">​E-Scrap Recycling Electronic Waste</​a></​html>​
 +
 +No I will not be describing how to manufacture gold only the next step from these systems.
 +
 +Data will be brought in to be processed, some via a contract with the state to handle waste, sewage can also be processed. Radioactive materials cannot be processed at this level but sorting radioactive material for the purpose of decontamination is possible. Other parties may bring materials to be processed. Companies, plants producing gas waste and other forms of waste (dangerous hazardous waste) can run a pipe directly to the treatment plant rather than ejecting it into the environment. Vehicles may incorperate better filtration systems so that exhausts can be solidified and deposited to the plant.
 +
 +===== Low Energy Plasma Example =====
 +
 +{{:​deflect.gif?​direct |Recycle This picture is the main concept}}
 +
 +Simple compound reduction, simple ionization.
 +
 +Stage 1: money, contract with the state for junk disposal and or on the open market, mining...
 +
 +Stage 2: shredding, preparation for plasma chamber, take all junk, sewage etc, no sorting required and grind it down as this makes it easier to maintain and heat up into a plasma. Keep processing material until the pre-plasma vat is full. Pre-plasma vat should take into account that is must hold gas, liquids and solids in a sealed state.
 +
 +Stage 3: ionization, plasma creation, the vat of unsorted ground down junk is heated into a plasma, compounds broken and molecule ionized exactly as per the requirements of a mass spectrometer,​ for the concept of the next chamber is simply a mass spectrometer. Their are several differing designs the most applicable is the trajectory based on magnetic pull. As bonds break the nuclei becomes positively charged when it loses its electrons (negative) allowing magnets to alter the trajectory of the ion stream based on what element they are.
 +
 +Plasma creation or ionization is the first part of a mass spectrometer. One electron is knocked out to create magnetization or the entire atom is ionized. The ionized vat or a portion of it moves into the identification chamber. A mass spectrometer processess a droplet of material for identification while here we require tons per hour.
 +
 +Stage 4: Mass Spectrometer
 +
 +  * <​html><​a href="​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=MassSpectrometryMS"​ onClick="​window.open('​http://​www.ganino.com/​html5mov/​movie.php?​m=MassSpectrometryMS','​Mass Spectrometer*','​width=660,​height=500'​);​return false">​Mass Spectrometer*</​a></​html>​
 +
 +* a) gentle heating to create plasma may solve or lessen fragmentation issues in contrast with electron bombardment to create ion. b) modification is that each ion stream is direct to its own portal or respective element vat unmolested we sort rather than detect.
 +
 +A mass spectrometer ionizes matter and sorts it magnetically,​ atoms that are heavier move less towards the magnet than those heavier. This creates a trajectory based on what the atom is. Hydrogen moving more towards the magnet, while lead not moving nearly as much. In a mass spectrometer the electro-magnet strength is varied to align a specific element towards a detector. The other elements collide with the chamber wall. Instead here the modification is a port hole for each element (and its isotopes) in which the specific element can pass through. A vacuum is required and their are purity issues to be sorted out further enhancing the instrument.
 +
 +{{ :​tron-legacy-light-cycle-race-desktop-wallpaper.jpg?​direct|}}
 +
 +Stage 5: The Receiver or The Element Vat
 +
 +Elements are deposited into their respective element vats, element vats may require electron generation to complete the ionized atom. Elements collide with an element culture in a vacuum, for example after exiting the modified mass spectrometer a carbon molecule or atom collides into a plate made of carbon. At this stage vats are being filled with atoms or elements to a degree of purity.
 +
 +Stage 6: Elements and possible creation of compounds sold back to industry.
 +
 +The elements/​molecules in convenient form (granules) or similar are resold back to industry. Further department create industry sought compounds from the molecules and resell compounds back to industry.
 +
 +Stage 7: Repeat.
 +
 +The end
 +
 +In Conclusion, I believe that all aspects of this method are theoretically solved, purity may be an issue, data loss may be an issue. Both are sought as important enhancements and upgrades. Processing capacity needs ramping up to suit. It should now be possible to handle all waste without sorting, recycling 100% of junk. A company would have to be paid well by government to handle both a polis sewage and every type of junk imaginable and then be paid again on resale of the molecules and compounds back to industry, a repeatable process. Their are also immense environmental positives.
 +
 +Other methods of seperating atoms may be via a centrifuge (apparently failed or not disclosed) or gaseous diffusion.
 +
 +{{ :​air_products_gas_for_welding_and_industrial_usage_white_background.jpg|Compounds and Molecules resold, Gases and Liquids}}{{ :​mixedmetals.jpg?​400|Solids resold}}
 +
 +For the alchemists, the limitations are that one is not producing atoms that are not already there. One is creating the condition to sort what is already there and the challenges that it subjects one to. The alchemy begins here...
 +
 +===== Fusion Torch =====
 +
 +**The Fusion Reactor Model Rather Than A Modified Mass Spectrometer**
 +
 +Nucleosynthesis in a fusion reactor seems to be an idea of equal magnitude to what it would take to mine planets or asteroids. The size of some of those asteroids are substantial,​ as per usual hurling the waste junk into the sun. Nature will go about recycling naturally and elegantly, without man's stuck in a cramped elevator syndrome. ​
 +
 +A fusion torch is a concept for utilizing the high-temperature plasma of a fusion reactor to break apart other materials (especially waste materials) and convert them into a few reusable and saleable elements. It was invented in 1968 by Bernard J. Eastlund and William C. Gough while they were program managers of the controlled thermonuclear research program of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). The basic concept was to impinge the plasma leaking from fusion reactors onto solids or liquids, vaporizing, dissociating and ionizing the materials, then separating the resulting elements into separate bins for collection. Other applications of fusion plasmas such as generation of UV and optical light, and generation of hydrogen fuel, were also described in their associated 1969 paper.
 +
 +The fusion reactor allow for the complete modification of the element, not just ionizing and then magnetically sorting.
 +
 +Light elements were formed at big bang not due to heat but to the lower probability of surrounding energy, while heavier elements are formed in the confinement of stars, while cooling.
 +
 +In 1919 Ernest Rutherford of Great Britain produced the first artificial transmutation when he bombarded the nucleus of a nitrogen isotope with alpha particles and produced an isotope of oxygen and a proton. Before chemistry was a science, there was Alchemy. The philosopher'​s stone (Latin: lapis philosophorum) is a legendary alchemical substance said to be capable of turning base metals (lead, for example) into gold (chrysopoeia) or silver. It was also sometimes believed to be an elixir of life, useful for rejuvenation and possibly for achieving immortality. For many centuries, it was the most sought-after goal in Western alchemy. The philosopher'​s stone was the central symbol of the mystical terminology of alchemy, symbolizing perfection at its finest, enlightenment,​ and heavenly bliss. Efforts to discover the philosopher'​s stone were known as the Magnum Opus. One of the supreme quests of alchemy is to transmute lead into gold. Lead (atomic number 82) and gold (atomic number 79) are defined as elements by the number of protons they possess. Changing the element requires changing the atomic (proton) number. The number of protons cannot be altered by any chemical means as in traditional Alchemy. However, physics may be used to add or remove protons and thereby change one element into another. Because lead is stable, forcing it to release three protons requires a vast input of energy. ​
 +
 +Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912 – February 25, 1999) was an American scientist who won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "​discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements",​ contributed to the discovery and isolation of ten elements. He led the research that created nine artificial elements, all heavier than uranium. They were plutonium, americium (used today in smoke detectors), curium (used in medicine), berkelium, californium,​ einsteinium,​ fermium, mendelevium and nobelium. Besides these new elements, Dr. Seaborg and his team, which included Mr. Ghiorso as chief builder of the required apparatus, created many isotopes, or forms of elements, with differing numbers of neutrons in their nuclei. Developed the actinide concept, which led to the current arrangement of the actinoid series in the periodic table of the elements. In 1980, he transmuted several thousand atoms of bismuth into gold at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. His experimental technique, using nuclear physics, was able to remove protons and neutrons from the bismuth atoms.
 +
 +The method it seems is to take a similar element and accelerating particles in a particle accelerator until they have a sufficient force, they strike the base material and in trial and error may cause a collision with proton. By bombarding an atom with neutrons or proton, isotopes and other elements can be created in a cyclotron.
 +
 +Gamow, Alpher and Herman proposed the hot Big Bang as a means to produce all of the elements. However, the lack of stable nuclei with atomic weights of 5 or 8 limited the Big Bang to producing hydrogen and helium. Burbidge, Burbidge, Fowler and Hoyle worked out the nucleosynthesis processes that go on in stars, where the much greater density and longer time scales allow the triple-alpha process (He+He+He -> C) to proceed and make the elements heavier than helium. But BBFH could not produce enough helium. Now we know that both processes occur: most helium is produced in the Big Bang but carbon and everything heavier is produced in stars. Most lithium and beryllium is produced by cosmic ray collisions breaking up some of the carbon produced in stars.
 +
 +So the lightest elements (hydrogen, helium, deuterium, lithium) were produced in the Big Bang nucleosynthesis. According to the Big Bang theory, the temperatures in the early universe were so high that fusion reactions could take place. This resulted in the formation of light elements: hydrogen, deuterium, helium (two isotopes), lithium and trace amounts of beryllium.
 +
 +Nuclear fusion in stars converts hydrogen into helium in all stars. In stars less massive than the Sun, this is the only reaction that takes place. In stars more massive than the Sun (but less massive than about 8 solar masses), further reactions that convert helium to carbon and oxygen take place in succesive stages of stellar evolution. In the very massive stars, the reaction chain continues to produce elements like silicon upto iron.
 +
 +Elements higher than iron cannot be formed through fusion as one has to supply energy for the reaction to take place. However, we do see elements higher than iron around us. So how did these elements form? The answer is supernovae. In a supernova explosion, neutron capture reactions take place (this is not fusion), leading to the formation of heavy elements. This is the reason why it is said that most of the stuff that we see around us come from stars and supernovae (the heavy elements part). If you go into technical details, then there are two processes of neutron capture called rapid process (r-process) and the slow process (s-process),​ and these lead to formation of different elements. The machine that accomplishes all the three processes described above to industry scale...
atom_de-constructor_constructor.txt · Last modified: 2018/04/21 03:27 (external edit)