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old_english_calendar [2019/03/29 16:23] (current)
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 +====== The Old English Calendar ======
  
 +<​html>​
 +<table border="​1"​ width="​99%"​ bordercolor="#​FF0000"​ cellspacing="​1">​
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center">​
 +      <p align="​center"><​b><​i><​font size="​2">​Old English Name</​font></​i></​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">​
 +      <p align="​center"><​font size="​2">&​nbsp;<​i><​b>​Suggested Meaning of Old
 +      English Name</​b></​i></​font></​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%">​
 +      <p align="​center"><​b><​i><​font size="​2">​ Modern Equivalent</​font></​i></​b></​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​[Æftera]-Geol-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​After-Yule-month'​ (second passing / changing month)&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ January</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Sol-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​[Returning] Sun-month';​ also called ' Flat Cakes' Month'</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ February</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Hreð-monaþ&​nbsp;</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​month of <​i>​Hreða</​i>'​ ('​glory-goddess'​)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ March</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Eostur-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​month of  the <​i>​Eostre</​i>​ [Easter]'​ (goddess of&​nbsp;​
 +      'the radiant dawn'​)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ April</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Ðrimilce-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​month of Three milkings' ​ (cows milked three times a day)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ May</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​[Ærra]-Liða-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​First Travelling month' ('​líðian',​ to travel, sail,
 +      glide)&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ June</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​[Æftera]-Liða-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Second Travelling month' ​ (some years had three)&​nbsp;</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ July</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Weod-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Weed-month'​ (still a problem)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ August</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Halig-monaþ&​nbsp;</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Holy month' (Harvest Month)&​nbsp;&​nbsp;&​nbsp;</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ September</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Winter-fylleð&​nbsp;</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Winter full moon month' (hunters'​ moon: first full moon of
 +      Autumn)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ October</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Blot-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Blood (sacrifice) month' ​ (surplus ​ livestock killed off
 +      before winter)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ November</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​[Ærra]-Geol-monaþ</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Before-Yule-month'​ (first passing / changing / month)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">&​nbsp;​December</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="​24%"​ align="​center"><​b>​Modra-niht</​b></​td>​
 +    <td width="​58%">&​nbsp;'​Mothers'​ Night' (longest night: birth of the new solar year)</​td>​
 +    <td width="​22%"​ align="​center">​ Christmas</​td>​
 +  </tr>
 +</​table>​
 +<​blockquote>​
 +<p align="​left">​
 +<font color="#​663300">​
 +This calendar is largely based on information supplied yet again by dear old
 +Bede.&​nbsp;​ In his scientific treatise <i>On Chronology</​i>,​ written in the
 +early eighth century, he provides us with the names of the pre-Christian Old
 +English months of the year [ch.15].&​nbsp;&​nbsp;</​font>​
 +</p>
 +
 +</​blockquote>​
 +
 +<p align="​center"><​font size="​2"​ color="#​663300">​© Copyright Dr Sam Newton, Blotmonaþ AD 2000</​font></​p>​
 +
 +<p align="​center"><​b>​Further Reading</​b>​
 +</p>
 +
 +<​blockquote>​
 +
 +<p align="​left"><​font color="#​663300">​Kenneth Harrison, <​i>​The Framework of Anglo-Saxon History to
 +AD900</​i>​ (Cambridge 1976), especially pp.1-14.<​br>​
 +C.W.Jones (ed.), <​i>​Bedae Opera de Temporibus</​i>​ (Cambridge, Mass. 1943). <br>
 +A.L.Meaney, &​quot;​Bede and Anglo-Saxon Paganism&​quot;,​ <​i>​Parergon</​i>​ ns 3
 +(1985), pp.1-29, especially pp.2-8.</​font>​
 +</p>
 +
 +</​blockquote>​
 +</​html>​
old_english_calendar.txt · Last modified: 2019/03/29 16:23 (external edit)