The idea of a surname or family name originates in reality in Ancient Rome where the tria nomina for the citizens was established. It consisted of three parts, for example, the three parts in “Marcus Tullius Cicero”, consisted of “Marcus” - preanomen, or individuals name; “Tullius”, the nomen identifying the gens or clan, and the cognomen “Cicero” which was the line of family within the gens. This was a way the patricians could claim and maintain a right to power by birth. The advantage of this system is that the gens never changes even though the cognoment or praenomen does. The important gens is identifiable regardless of time, although several vulnerabilities exist, so good standards and record keeping is important.
Under the incompetent and insane Christians, the destruction of the Romans meant that people went backyards into subsistence farming or less and the system of naming was lost with people using their first name only. In Europe most people reverted to using just one name up until the 10th century when nobility began using multiple names again. The concept gradually spread and in Europe surnames began to be used by about the 12th century, it took several centuries before the majority of Europeans had a family name and by the 15th century most surnames were formed.
The creative process of surname formation is varied with many of the names people were given or were branded with came about out of psychology, sociology, philology, occupation, tradition and more. Governments taking census advanced the process and people naturally used and referred to different people as for example “the son of”, “the profession” such as smith, “place of origin” such as da Vinci, “biological or personality feature” nicknames, and so on. Eventually surnames become inherited, being passed from parents to children.
A diminutive of a given name is a short form such as Alex from Alexander. Diminutives can also be formed by adding a suffix to the original name or the names short form. In English, the y/ie suffix is very common such as Abby from Abigail. Many culture have formed suffix diminutive and suffix identifiers. Italian diminutives among others use the -ino/-ina suffix as signifying “the little one” with the masculine o ending possibly geographically locating the name to the southern parts of Italy. It can be seen in the names Antonino, Giuseppina which has an intimate, endearment or cheekish form. As a result the last three letters of the name Ganino is the diminutive suffix to signify little one or as a rounding off the name.
Ganelli è tipicamente lombardo, di Codogno nel lodigiano, ma con ceppi anche nel bresciano e nel mantovano, Gani, altrettanto raro è tipico dell'area pisano, livornese, Ganini, ancora più raro, è del cremasco e del sudmilanese, Ganino è tipicamente calabrese con ceppi a Laureana di Borrello (RC), Nocera Terinese (CZ) e Dasà (VV), Gano è quasi unico, dovrebbero tutti derivare, direttamente o tramite ipocoristici dal nome medioevale Ganus di cui abbiamo un esempio in quest'atto del 1331 a Pisa: “…Notum sit omnibus quod pro Iohanne Nerii de Rillione de cappella Sancti Mathei Forisporte, Ganus filius Becti Algliate de prima pecunia domini Becti Algliate quondam Galgani, non animo donandi sed animo rehabendi…”, ma è pure possibile che derivino dall'aferesi del nome Paganus (vedi PAGANA).
The name ganino is the word pagan, the thinking behind the name is a reference to being indigenous and without particular importance. You may have noticed many Irish people have the suffix -gan, such as “Reagan” this is the exact same concept the prefix for them is their place of birth. The name is southern Italian and it means that with or without a name and discounting violence we are indigenous to that area primarily obviously as travel becomes more normal, persons bearing the name are found in the western world. Medieval versions of the name are latinized i.e Ganus and Paganus and may or may not be a relation reference.
A most notable Ganino was the Sergeant in the Russian military in recognition of his efforts in WWII was awarded several place names in Russia and in Poland. Some of the oldest persons bearing the name are found in Italy, Spain, Germany and even in England, and many many names have gan in them.
The stem name is Gana
The European name system will have added derivative ino, ina, or in, depending on where in Europe you are. The ina is popular with the Russians and the northern Europeans, while the ino with the Italians and the in with the celts, although not strictly. The variances of the name are found in Europe strictly and the European based new world nations. From Bulgaria, to Poland, Russia as far as the Ukraine, to Italy to Spain and as far as Ireland in the form of Ganin. The name is indigenous to Europe. In fact Spain and England hold the oldest known persons that bear the name. Here is a list of the oldest known people to bear the name.
Some remarkable information to mention, the earliest know people bearing the name are…
Elena Ganin Gender: Female Baptism/Christening Date: 22 Aug 1557 Baptism/Christening Place: SAN JUAN DE LOS REYES, GRANADA, GRANADA, SPAIN Father's Name: Diego Ganin Mother's Name: Beatriz
Edmundus Ganin Gender: Male Baptism/Christening Date: 1570 Baptism/Christening Place: WESTBURY, WILTSHIRE, ENGLAND Father's Name: Ganin
Catron Ganinias Gender: Female Baptism/Christening Date: 27 Aug 1676 Baptism/Christening Place: St. Feock, Cornwall, England Father's Name: Walter Ganinias
Maria Anna Ganina Gender: Female Baptism/Christening Date: 30 Sep 1738 Baptism/Christening Place: Tiengen (A. Waldshut), Baden, Germany Father's Name: Bartholomaeus Ganina Mother's Name: Anna Maria Guesch
Marianna Ganina Gender: Female Baptism/Christening Date: 12 Jan 1742 Baptism/Christening Place: Tiengen (A. Waldshut), Baden, Germany Father's Name: Bartholomaeus Ganina Mother's Name: Marianna Guesch
those that derive from the Raffaele ↔ Guiseppe generational traditional name exchange.
Guiseppe Ganino Event: Census Event Date: 1930 Event Place: Brooklyn (Districts 1001-1250), Kings, New York Gender: Male Age: 59 Marital Status: Married Race: White Birthplace: Italy Estimated Birth Year: 1871 Immigration Year: 1913 Relationship to Head of Household: Head Father's Birthplace: Italy Mother's Birthplace: Italy
Some notes to add,
Their was a Roman gens Gegania, The gens Gegania was a very ancient patrician family at Rome, which was prominent from the earliest period of the Republic to the decades before the First Samnite War. The first of the gens to obtain the consulship was Titus Geganius Macerinus in 492 BC. The gens drifted into obscurity in the first half of the fourth century BC, and does not appear again in history till the year 100 BC.
The Geganii traced their origin to the mythical Gyas, one of the companions of Aeneas. According to both Livius and Dionysius, the Geganii were one of the most distinguished Alban houses, transplanted to Rome on the destruction of Alba Longa by Tullus Hostilius, and enthroned among the Roman patres. The name, however, occurs even in the reign of Numa Pompilius, who is said to have chosen Gegania as one of the Vestal Virgins. Another Gegania is mentioned as the wife of Servius Tullius, or of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus; and a third Gegania occurs in the reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
Sicilians believe that Ganino is derived from Canino which is a town and comune of Italy, in the province of Viterbo (northern Lazio) in the internal part of Maremma Laziale, by deduction the family name Canino originated from the place name Canino, as was common for family names to be taken from place names. Its origins can be found in the Etruscan period, Canino and Vulci have a myriad of Etruscan and Roman sites, before becoming an important centre under the domination of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages the centre fell to the Farnese family, who brought about a period of great development and prosperity. In the following centuries the town became a possession of the Dukedom of Castro and then of the city of Canino itself, before passing into the hands of the Papal States, who maintained power until it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
The place name Canino is derived from the Latin word “Canidae” from which comes the word 'canine' the Latin word for canine. The literal translation of its title being “The House of the Sleeping or Lazy Dog”. As to the name 'Ganino' it is believed that when the first “Canino's” came to Calabria (possibly from Sicily) their pronunciation of the letter 'C' sounded like a 'G' to the Calabrians hence the change in spelling. Medieval scribes tended to spell words according to their sound rather than any particular set of rules as well as dialects and regional traditions.
This has been disputed, the name begins with G, consider a word as strong as Canino would have more influence in the evolution of the word, thus Ganino becoming Canino and not the other way around. Scribes would have simply adopted C instead of the more complex G.
Giovanni shortened to Gianni is a popular name in Italy and many derivatives exist. Giannini, Gianini, Ganino may be a variance of such. Along with this their also more variances which we will include for posterity such as names like Gannon. Many variances exist and we do take an interest in all of them, posting relevant information when it arises.
Gannicus was a gladiator in 73BC. He was one of three who commanded a gladiator slave army with a Threshan named Spartacus
Derivative name of Hannibal Barca
Many references to the words Ghan in the world. By not including the suffix, some other possible explanation are possible they the Gan as possible diminutive for the name John, Gianni, Jan or Jen similar to Jenkin. Also place names that reference Gan Ning, a warrior of the Three Kingdoms period in China. Other places are Gan, a village in Fet municipality, Norway, Gan, a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, France, Gáň, a village and municipality in Galanta District, Trnava Region, south-west Slovakia. The gan as a suffix is also used in latin, slavic, gaelic and asian cultures all with various meanings such as “born of” in garlic.
Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 1782 – 27 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was one of the most celebrated violin virtuosi of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique. His Caprice No. 24 in A minor, Op. 1, is among the best known of his compositions, and has served as an inspiration for many prominent composers. The name is a reference to pagans.
Ganino (Italia) Ganion (France) Ganirol (France) Ganitzer (Germany) Ganivel (Spain) Gañiz (Spain) Gann (Germany) Ganna (Italia) Gannaf (Germany) Ganne (France)
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By Joe Black Appellate Court Attorney