The Universe is not physics and physics is not psychology. The universe remains undefinable, people are under pressure and so the world is filled with scams and charlatans, so believe “science” at your peril. People pronounce Vincent Van Gogh because of what they can make out from the letters and no one really bothers to correct themselves, this is the ignorant British way and largely the state of Western medicine and science, its kinda fake, sold as intelligent and not much more than a sales commission on medication scam. Just look at the torture devices of the middle ages, oh wait, they are not torture devices they are medical instruments. Science is a new age religion behaves in the same way. The Bible is completely bogus and so are the peoples in it. These institutions are under sociological pressures, people use science to survive and so it ends up being a sham like everything else. That is just human nature. Nature is more intelligent than earthlings.
We live in a reactive universe, forget physics the universe is simply magic. The -ology of the universe is called Physics, it is a department of the military and it comes by engineering issues, it is the prodigy of the Greek Ionian enlightenment, many ideas and names attempt to explain natural phenomena generating truth from the subjective known as the scientific method. Mathematics is used to describe physics, for example to the third power is the accepted way to the describe something with length width and depth such as a cube. Mathematics is built on axioms such as Euclids book of elements, axioms are dogma. One must be strict, etymological and precise with language otherwise words quickly lose any relationship to what is being described. Physics like mathematics is just another cult and cannot and should not be believed. The conclusion of knowing does not exact change. Demystification is the end of fascination, what once stopped the world and sent men mad is seldom worth another thought.
It is believed that we live around the walls of a cone shaped black hole, generated some 13.798±0.037 billion years ago in what is called the big bang. It cannot be discounted that their may be some type of computer or projection machine generating what we call our universe. Space is a force generated by the black hole.
The accepted idea or genesis of how we came to be is called “The Big Bang Model” and was determined from cosmic background radiation, ancient light produced and left over from an early stage in the development of the universe, the expansion of space causes their wavelength to increase over time, scaling it back the universe began 13.82 billion years old ± 5%, from an unknown state and inflating into existence. Their is a distribution of energy from plasma, fire to more dense energy named matter. These wonderful pictures are on the walls of many in academia, they illustrate the story. Their is one known universe and it is a very big place with an estimated 125 billion galaxies. The galaxy we are a part of is called the Milky Way galaxy because its appearance to the Ancient Greeks was likened to spilled milk.
Their is space and their are sub-atomic particles like gamma rays to composite particles, atoms being elements, molecules and compounds grouped in vast arrays to form everyday items and their are humans. Reactions cause higher level properties because energy is not a function of delta and so more connections are always possible.
We have matter and force carriers, there are five states of matter they are gas, liquid, solid, plasma, quark-gluon plasma. Except for space nothing more is known to exist. The universe has 3 known dimensions, up, down, left, right and depth and their is also time. Space is a force, it can be altered twisted and warped it gets really jelly like on the immediate but quickly firms up and localizes a warp, gravity caused by matter warps space and then space-time force returns to normal after the warp. Their are undiscovered behaviors and ultra strange behaviors as with quantum mechanics such as the double slit experiment, quantum tunnelling…
Their are many more laws and their is much in physics yet to be discovered, such as dark matter, dark energy, the Higgs Boson and much more. They will be accepted as discovered because they fit into an idea of things more than anything else. i.e that math and the computer models say they should be there. Physics is still largely theoretical, and asks more questions than it answers. The pursuit of physics can yield science-fiction style gizmo's that can alleviate our shared condition, while it also does not take an understanding of physics to supplement a problem and in the same way the manipulation of the physics has created it own set of problems. Four hundred year old Newtonian physics was enough to calculate the manned moon landing July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC, but it was not until October 4, 1957 launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union did energies really heat up as hostilities between nations are channelled into a space race but not much has seemed to happen since. Without cash energy from governments and politics, physics becomes highly verbal and the application falls behind, I think we can conclude that most people prefer the application rather than the theory, creating a spaceship and going for a ride to see for oneself, that is all part of the fun. Others believe we should create a big underground hole and protect ourselves that way.
The Illustris Simulation, using super computers the universe is simulated. It was assumed that the quest was for one super formula that generated the universe with iteration, however the Illustris universe simulation has over one hundred thousand lines of code. So you π, φ and 2πr people, its currently takes some to get a simulation.
The way we interact with the analogue universe is via gears and belts, pistons and cams attached to a frame, and with consideration to the forces that in time destroy the machine or construction, friction as heat causes change. Over-engineer to eliminate all randomness absolutely. Gear ratio means you trade off force for distance or distance for force, f=ma. Belts are used to bind different cogs that are attached to different machinery and when we deal with forces things can break so therefore everything is designed with that in mind, such as the use of triangles or polygons to materials and lubricants used. Expect very low efficiency, a performance hit and primitive components, engineering is the stark reality. Electrical components are more advanced, computer integration more advanced still and offers intelligence. See Automata. In a closed machine air and liquid pressures build resulting in destruction of the machine so valves are used to release these pressures. Vehicle builders that employ the internal combustion engine prefer to govern these forces all the way down to the vacuum rather than employing electrical systems.
Not all things are possible in the universe. Their are limits, parameters. Such as absolute zero, absolute hot, you cannot have more than everything, or less than nothing. Absolute zero: −273.15° - a point at which their can be no cooler, absolute hot: 1.416785(71)×1032 kelvin - a point at which their can be no hotter, absolute speed: c=299,792.458 kilometers per second - a point at which their can be no faster. Energy that already exists is simply moved from one place to another, never made and never generated. The universe will jump in and stop anything that tries to go on forever. A local made a machine that harvests microwave background radiation into a capacitor and when it achieves sufficient energy it rotates a banner or ticks a clock, fun and will go on forever until it breaks down. Their is also phenomena called Hawking radiation that tells that energy is always coming in and out of existence and may one day be harvested to fuel a similar fun machine.
One must know the source of energy that a machine is powered by, most likely it is animal or human movement, natures movements or atomic change. It may differ from how the mind sees the problem. Energy is not concept of the mind, it is physical material like wood that can be burned. Forces are not energy, gravity is not energy, magnetism is not energy, strong and weak nuclear forces are not energy. Machines that seem conceptually sound but do not move tangible energy to an area will stop operating when the energy supply is exhausted. Energy is a real thing, realistically it must be mined, transported and used then it runs out. Use the simple bottle test, if you can put it in a bottle then it is energy, if you cannot then it is not. If I throw a ball the ball is not energy, it is acting to an applied force.
The universe is like a boat stuck on a 45 degree angle, all the object falling to one side, their is energy for super thermalization connections, their is no energy for non-entropic connections, In magnets opposite poles attract, like poles are said to repel, more precisely they are re-orientated to expose opposite polarity so they can attract, i.e their is no energy for non-thermalization connections.
When a magnet moves across a copper wire electricity is produced. Their are proven methods in use such as hydro and some that are not in use because they produce very modest amounts of electricity such as earth battery, air battery.
Greek Philosophers some two and half thousand years ago like Anaxagoras, Democritus, Leucippus, Epicurus and other Atomists formulated the first theories of the quantum, the atom, the small as part of the natural science, physical, physics.
Fermions particles are usually associated with matter and obey the Fermi–Dirac statistics, while bosons are generally force carrier particles and obey Bose–Einstein statistics. Ferminons and bosons is the most quantum you can get and we are in the elementary particle section.
Fermions are broken down into two further categories, they are quarks and leptons while Bosons are also broken down into two further categories them being, gauge bosons and other bosons. At this level the four known forces in the universe are known as weak interaction, gluon, photon and the theoretical graviton. The photon is a constitute of electromagnetism.
Different quarks bond to form hadrons with the two most common constitute the nuclei of all atoms that is proton and neutrons. A proton is made from two up quarks and one down quark, which supplies its +1 charge (since 2/3 + 2/3 – 1/3 = 1). Neutrons have the other structure, that’s one up quark and two down quarks, which makes for a neutral charge (2/3 – 1/3 – 1/3 = 0) and here we are in the composite particle section. In this section we have composite fermions, called baryons and composite bosons called mesons.
The composite particles which form the nucleus of an atom are neutrons and protons. Neutrons have no charge and protons are positively charged, however unstable a complete atom requires an equal number of electrons to protons to be stable and in a configuration described in one of the most important physics concepts being the Pauli-exclusion principle.
However, how can their be positively charged protons so close together within the atom, electromagnetism suggests they ought to repel. The strong force is the force which attracts protons to protons, neutrons to neutrons, and protons and neutrons to each other and the nucleus of an atom together and also the force that holds quarks and gluon's together to form the proton, the neutron and other particles. The weak interaction is the force of decay (or the emission of electrons or positrons by neutrons in atomic nuclei) and the associated radioactivity.
Radioactivity is the act of emitting radiation spontaneously. This is done by an atomic nucleus that, for some reason, is unstable; it “wants” to give up some energy in order to shift to a more stable configuration. Too many neutrons in a nucleus lead it to emit a negative beta particle, which changes one of the neutrons into a proton. Too many protons in a nucleus lead it to emit a positron (positively charged electron), changing a proton into a neutron. Too much energy leads a nucleus to emit a gamma ray, which discards great energy without changing any of the particles in the nucleus. Too much mass leads a nucleus to emit an alpha particle, discarding four heavy particles (two protons and two neutrons). Once an atom becomes stable it stays that way for a very very long time if undisturbed, otherwise astro-phenomena, supernovi, black holes will de-construct and eject it where it can be reconstituted in another process.
At this stage the atomic level we have complete atoms of different atomic mass being formed. There are four known forces in the universe they are gravity, electromagnetism and the weak and strong interaction. The weak and strong interaction are applicable to sub-atomic interactions.
Gravity is a force pulling together all matter, anything that has mass has gravity, the more mass concentrated in a given area, the greater its effect because mass weighs on space. Albert Einstein showed that space is not an empty nothing but dynamic in its own right. The greater the gravity, the greater the sphere of influence and amplitude of inference, intensity with respect to distance.
Electromagnetism is the electric universe and follows the laws of electricity and magnets. Electromagnetism is the force responsible for practically all the phenomena encountered in daily life (with the exception of gravity). In electromagnetism their is heightened vibration if positive is not equal to negative and is termed unstable, an atom will seek to be stable and bond with other atoms. Atoms of different elements are bonded together by the transfer or sharing of electrons. Protons are positively charged, neutrons are neutral and electrons are negatively charged. Like polarities repel so the electrons stay apart and opposite polarities attract so the electron and proton attract to form an atom. When the stable and unstable states within the atom, the atom is radioactive that is the atom emits radiation of termed type alpha, beta or gamma.
The electron configuration of the complete atom dictates favourable molecule and compound bonds. Just as we like to bond with certain people and not others depending on our state. Complete or stable atoms are shown in the periodic table of elements they are now the building blocks of molecules and compounds, molecules being a grouping of many atoms of same type and compounds being of more than one type of molecule. We start to get things that we see everyday such as water and salt… Again it is the Pauli exclusion principle that dictates bonding preferences, while the stable atom has been constructed with the same amount of electrons as protons and a number of neutrons denoting its atomic mass, it now has a level of reactivity that determines what other atoms/elements it bonds too according to its electron configuration. The representation of the such building blocks are you and I and stars and so on…
Human knowledge might just be nothing more than human knowledge, with the ego it seems complete and real without horribly inadequate. For something to be identifiable to humans or even exist their must be contrast, patterns, matches. How the man interprets the physics via his evolved five senses, man is otherwise deaf to the physic. For example when someone touches you it is not someone touching you, it is a perception recognition resulting from activation of neural receptors, an ability your body has to interrupt the touch and as a result you feel among other temperature. Vision is a controlled hallucination produced by the brain using reception information. Similarly in religions that produce pleasurable feeling in the subjects are mis-interrupted as god while in fact is an aspect of ones self, when marching bands seek to incite soldiers into feeling of superiority it is not a specific deity that enters them or produces the effect it is an aspect of themselves. Limitations can be expanded with the power humans have to create aids, tools and machines such as telescopes, microscopes, heliograph…
Things are very hard but once they are known they are easy, yet many things are still hard even after they are known. A note of great scientists beginning with Aristotle, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, Max Planck and Albert Einstein formed a testable reality concerning weights, motion, forces and light, space and time. It is leading to something known as The Theory of Everything or (“Grand Unification Theory”) which fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena, and predicts the outcome of any experiment that could be carried out in principle.
After the external physic is the one at the centre, with their human body to deal with and all of the biological and medical sciences associated with its function and maintenance of health.
There are many more objects in the solar system that you were taught, many many many more and many more.
The Milky Way is filled with stars, planets and objects.
It just keeps on going…
The first generation of stars formed approximately 200 million years after the big bang and that includes some of the oldest stars in our galaxy the Milky Way which are approximately 13.2 to 13.6 billion years of age. All objects in the gravity of the Milky Way galaxy number 200 million star systems orbiting a common centre of mass, called the galactic centre which is a black hole formed from the dying star. Our solar system is approximately 4.6 billion years of age. Their are nine planets in our solar system with the Sun at its centre, the planets revolve around the Sun and our Sun revolves around the galactic centre, we are positioned on the edge of the Milky Way.
Note: 1 light year is the distance light can travel in vacuum in one years time, The speed of light is 186,000 miles per second, 9461000000000 km.
The closest star system that we know of is Alpha Centauri, located about 4.37 light years away (41.5 trillion km). The system easy to see with the unaided eye – if you live in the Southern hemisphere. In fact, Alpha Centauri is the 4th brightest star in the night sky.
Ahoy, we live on the Earth. Earth by comparison is a paradise and the right operating range for cellular forms to come into being, our earth is also approximately 4.5 billion years old. Nature cleans and regenerates all by itself, some people are destructive, pollute, ignorant and malevolent. Life on earth began at approximately 3.85 billion years ago. Over that 3.85 billion years life has undergone much conditioning and forging by the forces that are hard. Life on earth consists of plant life and animal life. Modern humans are dated at 200,000 years originating in Africa as fossil records indicate and quickly spreading throughout the entire earth reaching full behavioral modernity around 50,000 years ago. Up until 10,000 years ago, most humans lived as hunter-gatherers.
The environment is something we face everyday, natural disasters, this is the list of natural disasters wrought upon us by mother nature.
The Extreme Environment
The environment remakes itself to remain vital, the environment makes life wild and evolves it to suit the environment, people die within days of being left in the outdoors merely by the conditions and lack of skill, as well as this the electromagnetic force exhibits itself as hunger, and animals will hunt other animals posing a threat to humans and loved ones in turn estimates suggest the average person consumes one hundred animals per year. Living creatures also aid the evolutionary process by what they learn or believe and how effective or ineffective those learnings are to fulfilling their needs. 3.85 billion years of evolution has fashioned the human system to function predominantly for an environment which is not the city we live in and with highly integrated behaviours and responses.
Charles Darwin proposed evolution with natural selection being by far the main mechanism of gradual change; even slight advantages are important when continued. The object of selection is the phenotype in its surrounding environment. In biology their is a code to determine the result known as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which is the information to make proteins. Evolution is the change in the inherited traits of a population of organisms through successive generations by way of evolution altering of DNA is tuned without requiring understanding of DNA.
As the genetic algorithm results in the design of all that we are their is also strategy and learning. Humans have evolved learnings with some examples of the most primordial instituted learnings “scarcity, survival, adversary”, “a dead adversary is no threat”, “a group is stronger than an individual”, “Ally yourself with the successful survivalists and achieve your needs through them” and many more that exist at the core of many human beings. The salvation of warmth where their is cold and salvation of cool where it is hot. The invitation of the sweet and the warning of the sour, what constitutes beauty and what does not, when to yield and when to fight and many more, some opt for weaponry others for social alliances. One can investigate primordial learnings at their leisure to dismiss fantasies.
Animals that live in groups develop social structure. Most primates, including humans, spend their lives in large social groups, while this helps provide protection, it also aids in resource organization. You then get the field of evolutionary biology and behaviour, sociology, and psychology.
There are also the facts of life such as…
In nature there may be much aid for the things one needs, equally there can be much discomfort. Nature will run the unprepared through within several days. In it life is expendable, death of life occurs everyday and one takes life daily, there is no emotion as requirements supersede emotion, death is not terrible or something to fear. To cruel, to gloat, to prey is done without discourse. It is simple to be hungry and to kill and eat, simple to thirst and to drink, simple to be cold and make a fire or fashion some skins, to feel the weather and create shelter. Nature looks after itself in many ways more professionally than we do ourselves or parents do for their children. There can be less compulsions and addictions and more liberty, freedom to exist and to utilize all means at your disposal without being limited, regulated and lorded over. The city however is not so clear cut, killing will land you in jail and taking for the things you require will also land you in jail, our death and those we love scary and terrible. What is modern societies began as a primitive camp and it evolved, yet we that live in tailored cities were not there when it was a camp and did not evolve with it over ages. The 4.3 billion years of evolution is the animal and the campers mind, not the cosmopolitan cafe city mind.
Archaeology continues to find signs of habitat, the oldest most prominent thus far is Gobekli Tepe 10,000 BC, about 5,000 years ago the first proto-states developed in Mesopotamia, Egypt's Nile Valley and the Indus Valleys. Military forces were formed for protection, and government bureaucracies for administration. Around 2,000–3,000 years ago, some states, such as Persia, India, China, Rome, and Greece, developed through conquest into the first expansive empires. The turning point was the second information revolution. The first being speech, writing emerged in many different cultures and in numerous locations throughout the ancient world. As we move away from linear thinking and digest the complexity. Cave paintings to Egyptian Hieroglyphs and to Sumerian cuneiform due to clay constraints of clay tablets. Clay tablets show some of the first writing from around 3200 BC were unearthed by Oriental Institute archaeologists at the site of Tell Asmar in Iraq, this meant that information could now be recorded for posterity and the beginning marker could be moved along.
This holds true for individuals in their lifetime as well, without keeping personal information you will be saturated to the empty mind and you may forget the malevolence, ignorance and incompetence of those who call themselves qualified.
Technologies Cities Use To Deal With The Environment
Man Made Disasters